custom guided tours of ireland

Interesting Places in the West – Custom Guided Tours of Ireland

Interesting Places in the West – Custom Guided Tours of Ireland

In the coming weeks I will bring to you interesting site to visit in Galway, Clare and Mayo.

Ross Errily Friary

The Ross Errilly Friary (Irish: Mainistir Ros Oirialaigh, often anglicised in 18th & 19th century sources as Rosserelly) is a medieval Franciscan friary located about a mile to the northwest of Headford, County Galway, Ireland. It is a National Monument of Ireland and among the best-preserved medieval monastic sites in the country. Though usually referred to by locals as “Ross Abbey,” this is not technically correct as the community never had an abbot.

The church and bell tower are to the south of a small but well preserved central cloister and domestic buildings are to the north. Amongst these are a kitchen (equipped with an oven and a water tank for live fish), a bake house, and a refectory or dining area. The dormitories are on the upper levels. One unusual feature is a second courtyard or cloister, built to accommodate the friary’s growing population.

Like many other abandoned Christian sites in Ireland, Ross Errilly has continued to be used as a burial ground by area residents. In addition to tombs that date from the friary’s active period, many graves dating from the 18th through 20th centuries can be found inside the church walls. In some cases, tombstones comprise the floors of walkways and crawlspaces.


Both Luke Wadding and the Four Masters (who refer to Ross Errilly in their Annals as Ros-Oirbhealagh) record that the abbey was founded in 1351, but this date has been called into question by numerous historians. Architectural cues and documentary evidence have given rise to a modern consensus that the friary was founded sometime in the middle of the 15th century, perhaps around 1460.[2] The earliest existing documentary evidence of a religious community at the site appears in the will of a local man that has been dated to either 1468 or 1469.[3][4] In any case, it is clear from the architectural evidence that any religious building that may have been on the site prior to that time was greatly expanded during the 15th century. Around 1473, a delegation of Franciscans from Ross Errilly went to Donegal at the request of the Tyrconnell clan and founded the Donegal Friary, where the Four Masters would later write their famous Annals.

After the English Reformation

Life at Ross Errilly was disrupted by the English Reformation. The Franciscans had loudly opposed King Henry VIII’s break with Rome, which would prove costly after the schism. In 1538, English authorities imprisoned two hundred of the monks and banished or killed an indeterminate number of others. The rest of the Franciscans’ history at Ross Errilly would be marked by repeated evictions and other persecutions.

At the beginning of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the abbey was confiscated and given to Richard Burgh, the 2nd Earl of Clanrickarde. Burgh, a descendant of the de Burghs who had helped found the abbey, quietly gave it back to the Franciscans. In 1572, an enclosing ditch and wall were constructed around the friary.[5]

In 1584, the English crown again confiscated the monastery from the Franciscans and gave it to an English noble who evicted the monks and plundered the building’s contents. In 1586, the Earl of Clanrickarde purchased the monastery and again returned it to the Franciscans.

By the end of the century, however, the crown had once again expelled the monks and converted the monastery into an English garrison for use during the Nine Years’ War.

In 1604, Ulick Burke, 3rd Earl of Clanrickarde, continuing to honour the de Burgh tradition of supporting Ross Errilly, financed the rehabilitation and reoccupation of the monastery by the Franciscans. Their stay was short-lived; in 1612 Lord Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy of Ireland, ordered the Protestant archbishop of Tuam, William Daniel, to expel the monks and to demolish the abbey’s altars. Daniel apparently complied with the order, but sent advance word to the residents of Ross Errilly and advised them to evacuate the abbey’s most precious items.

In 1626, the monks returned to Ross Errilly and enjoyed a quarter-century of relative peace. Records of the OFM in Ireland indicate that the community at this time consisted of just six priests and two brothers. One piece of evidence for the friary’s occupancy during this period is a handwritten testimonium, dated 27 November 1636, and signed by a Boetius Mac Egan, then a prelate in residence at the friary.[6]

Rebellion and the Cromwellian era

On 18 February 1642, Ulick Burke and the monks were involved in the rescue of about 40 Protestant refugees of the 1641 uprising, including the family of Dr. John Maxwell, the Protestant bishop of Killala. The refugees were being led from the town of Shrule when the Catholic soldiers comprising their escort massacred them. It’s not reliably known how many were killed, but one estimate placed the number of victims at 65. Burke and the monks brought the survivors back to the Headford area and obtained shelter for them among the townspeople until safe passage to England could be arranged.

The Irish campaigns of Oliver Cromwell brought an end to this era of English tolerance of the Catholic Church in Ireland. For a few nervous years, Ross Errilly served as an informal refugee shelter for Catholic clergy who had been flushed out of other parts of Ireland by Cromwell’s forces.

On 10 August 1656, Cromwellian forces finally made their way to Ross Errilly. The 140 Franciscans living there had fled a few hours earlier, but the soldiers ransacked the grounds, destroying crosses and other religious iconography and even defiling tombs in search of loot. Legend maintains that the fleeing monks somehow found the time to remove the bell from the bell tower and sink it in the nearby Black River, where it remains today. The English Restoration in 1660 brought Charles II to the throne. His nominally tolerant policies towards Catholics allowed the reoccupation and repair of the abbey in 1664.

Final years

The Glorious Revolution of 1688, which deposed Charles’ younger brother, the Catholic James II, eventually led to the Popery Act of 1698, which placed a bounty on Catholic clergy. Once again, the Franciscans of Ross Errilly became fugitives and abandoned the premises.

Local records indicate that by 1712, Franciscans had returned to the abbey. Some sources indicate that the abbey was abandoned again in 1731, for reasons which are unclear. What’s certain is that by 1753, they had returned to the site. The property was now owned by Lord St. George, a local noble, who picked up where the Clanrickardes had left off and secretly patronised the abbey. By this time, the Penal Laws were in effect and St. George risked life imprisonment by supporting the monks. A vengeful family who had lost a lawsuit to St. George reported to the authorities that he was sheltering Catholic religious at the monastery. St. George learned of the accusations and the monks evacuated the monastery for the last time. Before authorities arrived at the abbey, St. George had the abbey’s interior whitewashed and had employed a group of weavers and their looms inside the building. The inquiry was ended without further incident, but the sham factory was soon closed and the monks never returned again.

The monks built cabins of wood and stone on a small island in the Black River, about one mile (1.6 km) downstream from the abbey. The island (which no longer exists) was known informally as “Friars Island,” and the community supported the monks with food, fuel and clothing via a wooden drawbridge. For 36 years, the monks continued to celebrate Sunday Mass in the deteriorating abbey building. In 1789, a Henry Lynch of Ballycurrin cheaply leased 16 acres (65,000 m2) to the dispossessed monks at the foot of a hill in the townland of Kilroe, near Headford. By 1801, only three monks remained, though mass continued to be said at Kilroe until 1804. There were still three monks in the community when it was closed in 1832.

In the meantime, the long-abandoned friary continued its descent into ruin. In 1835, English tourist John Barrow described the abbey as “a remarkably fine old ruin…in a disgracefully neglected state.” In particular, Barrow was astonished by the large amount of unburied human remains at the site, which included “moss-grown skulls and human thigh and leg-bones strewed about so plentifully that not a step can be taken without encountering them.”[7] Geographer Samuel Lewis noted the continued decay in 1837, writing that the abbey was “partially covered in ivy” and that the roof had collapsed in 1812. Despite the neglect, Lewis was able to report that “one of the windows is still perfect.”[8]

William Wilde visited the abbey ruins in July 1866. Like Barrow, he described “heaps of skulls and bones” in the church and claimed that the site had become notorious for its unburied remains. Wilde noted with dismay that further “desecration” was being effected by sheep and cattle, which roamed freely through the ruins. He also credited a nearby resident, Oliver Burke, with some early efforts to preserve the site by “removing obstructions from between the mullions of the beautiful windows” and making “repairs to the tower, thereby rendering it accessible to the top.”[9] In 1868, Burke, a barrister by profession, wrote his own account of the friary’s history.


The Friary is maintained by the Office of Public Works and is open to the public free of charge. Take a custom guided tour of Ireland with VIP Taxis Galway and explore the West.

426 replies

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. Porno says:


    hello my web site adress: porno

  2. link says:


    thank you for publish post: link

  3. Poliçe Paneli Forum

    forum sitemizi mutlaka ziyaret etmelisiniz.:

  4. betgross giriş

    betgross giriş

  5. lugabet giriş

    lugabet giriş


  7. Kod Bulutu says:

    Kod Bulutu

    thank you for publish post:

  8. child porn says:

    The West gallerie/main.php?g2_itemId=590195

  9. ricnirpltaie says:


    Google was here?

  10. garapu says:


    hey my website porn visit pls. Thank you.


  12. forum says:

    forum tanıtım

    anlık olarak forum hizmetimizi deneyebilirsiniz.

  13. mobil ödeme bozdurma

    sizde hemenmobil ödeme bozdurma hizmetimizi deneyebilirsiniz. Anlık olarak mobil ödeme bozum servislerimize göz atın.

  14. The West gallerie/main.php?g2_itemId=1422742

  15. Steroid Satın Al

    internet sitemiz üzerinden güven içerisinde steroid satın alın ve anabolik steroid sipariş verin.

  16. sms onay says:

    SMS Onay

    hızlı bir şekilde sms onay hizmeti alın ve ucuz sms onay hizmetinden faydalanın.

  17. steroid says:

    steroid kullanimi

    sizde anlik olarak steroid hakkında bilgi almaya baslayin.

  18. sms onay says:

    sms onay

    SMS onay işlemleri için sitemizi mutlaka ziyaret etmelisiniz! En ucuz sms onay servisi sitemizde yer almaktadır.

  19. porno says:

    sikis izle

    web sitemizi ziyaret edin: sikis

  20. yasam ayavefe

    yasam ayavefe

  21. yasam ayavefe

    yasam ayavefe

  22. Porn says:


    thank you for publish post: porno

  23. porno says:


    thank you for publish post: porno

  24. Blog says:


    thank you for publish post:

  25. Yeni Başlayanlar

    thank you for publish post:

  26. Güzellik Önerileri

    thank you for publish post:

  27. Diyet Yolu says:

    Diyet Yolu

    thank you for publish post:

  28. steroid sat�n al

    thank you for publish post :

  29. steroid sat�n al

    thank you for publish post : steroid sat�n al

  30. sms onay says:

    sms onay

    thank you for publish post : SMS Onay





  35. – film online – film online

  36. – Movie Watch – Movie Watch



  39. says:

  40. ipsychologos says:



  41. Äèçàéí ÷åëîâåêà

    Äèçàéí ÷åëîâåêà

  42. child porn says:



  43. vsovezdeisrazu



  45. batmanapollo psychologist

    batmanapollo psychologist

  46. – psychologist – psychologist

  47. batmanapollo says:



  48. kinokrad says:



  49. 123movies says:



  50. mangalib says:



  51. tqmFEB3B says:



  52. klondayk2022 says:



  53. says:

  54. uluro-ado says:



  55. rusnewsweek says:



  56. 24hours-news says:



  57. bep5w0Df says:











  66. says:

  67. says:

  68. sitestats01 says:



  69. site 2023 says:

    site 2023

    site 2023

  70. says:



  73. news ukraine news ukraine

  74. says:


  76. says:

  77. says:

  78. says:


  80. says:


  82. says:



  85. programma peredach na segodnya

    programma peredach na segodnya

  86. film onlinee says:

    film onlinee

    film onlinee

  87. lalochesia says:



  88. psy 3CtwvjS says:

    psy 3CtwvjS

    psy 3CtwvjS

  89. TwnE4zl6 says:



  90. Dim Drakona 2022

    Dim Drakona 2022

  91. Usik Dzhoshua 2 2022

    Usik Dzhoshua 2 2022

  92. ìûøëåíèå


  93. aOuSjapt says:



  94. JGXldbkj says:



  95. Dom drakona says:

    Dom drakona

    Dom drakona


  97. rodnoe-kino-ru


  98. says:

  99. smotret-polnyj-film-smotret-v-khoroshem-kachestve


  100. liusia-8-seriiaonlain


  101. video says:




  103. mir dikogo zapada 4 sezon 4 seriya

    mir dikogo zapada 4 sezon 4 seriya

  104. gidonline says:



  105. movies says:



  106. Ukraine-war says:



  107. stats says:



  108. help tutor says:

    how long should a dissertation be lse

  109. The Latest Ukraine News

    The Latest Ukraine News

  110. Ukraine news – live

    Ukraine news – live

  111. Ukraine says:



  112. War in Ukraine

    War in Ukraine

  113. bucha killings

    bucha killings


  115. says:

  116. chelovek soznaniye mozg

    chelovek soznaniye mozg


  118. says:

  119. Psikholog says:



  120. says:

  121. hd-tor-2022 says:



  122. film-tor-2022


  123. tor-lyubov-i-grom


  124. 01211 says:


    01211 21546

  125. 3NOZC44 says:



  126. 3Hk12Bl says:



  127. chelovek-iz-90-h



  129. Øêàëà òîíîâ

    Øêàëà òîíîâ

  130. SHKALA TONOV says:



  131. D6tuzANh says:



  132. qQ8KZZE6 says:



  133. DPTPtNqS says:



  134. uels ukrain says:

    uels ukrain

    uels ukrain

  135. slovar po psihoanalizu laplansh

    slovar po psihoanalizu laplansh

  136. price of cialis at walgreens

    cialis online safe

  137. ivermectin 1 cream generic

    what is stromectol used for

  138. cialis 20mg says:

    tadalafil 10mg price


  139. ed meds online without doctor prescription

    prescription drugs online without doctor

  140. canadian medications

    prescription without a doctor’s prescription

  141. best medicine for ed

    causes for ed

  142. real cialis without a doctor’s prescription

    what is the best ed pill

  143. stromectol amazon

    ivermectin injections

  144. ivermectin at tractor supply

    buy ivermectin for humans uk

  145. best ed supplements

    the best ed drug

  146. canadian drugs online

    drugs that cause ed

  147. clomid 50mg

    price of clomid

  148. Deeg deegs count

    hmhcxlvim vtjbp gcvmamt ggzb zxhjnfwgajaqveu

  149. buying clomid 25 mg

    can you buy clomid

  150. generic cialis 20 mg from india

    how to use cialis

  151. side effects of ivermectin in rabbits

    ivermectin (stromectol)

  152. viagra/cialis black and gold 800

    cialis overnight shipping

  153. trial site news ivermectin

    ivermectin stromectol

  154. cheapest cialis 20mg

    buy cialis onlin e

  155. ivermectin oral 0 8

    stromectol 3 mg dosage

  156. is viagra covered by health insurance

    how much does viagra cost at walmart?

  157. doxy 200

    buy doxycycline 100mg

  158. clomid canada

    clomid coupon

  159. ivermectin 1 says:

    ivermectin purchase

    stromectol for humans

  160. molnupiravir says:

    cost of molnupiravir

    where to get molnupiravir

  161. how to get prescription drugs without doctor

    pet meds without vet prescription

  162. zithromax z-pak

    buy generic zithromax online

  163. ivermectin human

    stromectol usa

  164. where to buy ivermectin

    ivermectin price

  165. Aceon

    Lamivudin (Cipla Ltd)

  166. meds online says:


    prescription cost comparison

  167. Malegra FXT plus

    rx pharmacy

  168. Zestril says:


    cialis canadian pharmacy

  169. diabetes

    international pharmacy

  170. Avalide

    prescription pricing

  171. Speman says:

    cheap drugs online

    Viagra Gold

  172. ivermectin 80 mg

    stromectol 3mg tablets

  173. ivermectin uk

    stromectol south africa

  174. ivermectin buy

    ivermectin 4

  175. ed meds says:

    ed medications list

    best male enhancement pills

  176. buy ed pills says:

    male erection pills

    ed drugs

  177. stromectol uk buy

    ivermectin buy australia

  178. ivermectin 50

    how much is ivermectin

  179. does 20mg cialis work

    where to by cialis

  180. cialis dopoxetine

    cialis without a prescription

  181. ivermectin price

    ivermectin 50

  182. stromectol medicine

    ivermectin over the counter

  183. stromectol online canada

    ivermectin cream

  184. plaquenil sale

    plaquenil price canada

  185. buy plaquenil online uk

    hydroxychloroquine sulfate 300 mg

  186. how much is generic plaquenil

    plaquenil 25 mg

  187. plaquenil generic price

    hydroxychloroquine 30 mg

  188. cialis side effects dangers

    cialis dosage recommendations frequency

  189. how to take 20 mg cialis

    cialis side effects dangers

  190. cheap generic drugs from canada

    buy pills online cheap

  191. buy pills online cheap

    cheap generic drugs from canada

  192. valtrex pills for sale

    otc valtrex for sale

  193. where to buy valtrex generic

    how to buy valtrex

  194. paypal buy valtrex online canada

    price of medicine valtrex

  195. valtrex order canada

    where to get valtrex prescription

  196. viagra dosage recommendations

    generic viagra without a doctor prescription

  197. canadian viagra

    buy viagra online without a prescription

  198. ivermectin 3 mg tablet dosage

    ivermectin 3mg

  199. prednisone best price

    cost of prednisone 5mg tablets

  200. best pharmacy prednisone

    prednisone 20mg prescription cost

  201. prednisone 5 mg

    prednisone over the counter cost

  202. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Information here to that Topic: […]

  203. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here on that Topic: […]

  204. ed meds online without prescription or membership

    non prescription erection pills

  205. comfortis for dogs without vet prescription

    prescription drugs

  206. ed meds online canada

    canadian online pharmacy

  207. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Information here to that Topic: […]

  208. ivermectin 3mg tablets

    ivermectin 2mg

  209. price of ivermectin

    ivermectin over the counter canada

  210. ivermectin cost

    ivermectin 10 mg

  211. prednisone 2.5 mg cost

    prednisone in canada

  212. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here to that Topic: […]

  213. prednisone brand name

    prednisone online paypal

  214. prednisone 200 mg tablets

    buy 40 mg prednisone

  215. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More to that Topic: […]

  216. tamoxifen

    tamoxifen reviews

  217. nolvadex online

    tamoxifen lawsuit

  218. tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention

    tamoxifen men

  219. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More on to that Topic: […]

  220. ed therapy

    ed pills online pharmacy

  221. relx says:

    … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Info here on that Topic: […]

  222. male ed drugs

    how to overcome ed naturally

  223. cure ed says:

    canada ed drugs

    ed treatment drugs

  224. viagra online 100mg

    5 viagra pills

  225. viagra pill identification

    where can i get just a few viagra without costing a arm or a

  226. cialis no script

    cialis mit paypal bezahlen

  227. cialis asia says:

    cialis black uk

    prescription for cialis purchase

  228. black cialis says:

    blood pressure on cialis

    cialis softtabs online

  229. doxycycline

    buy doxycycline without prescription

  230. doxycycline monohydrate

    how to order doxycycline

  231. ivermectin 12

    where to buy ivermectin pills

  232. … [Trackback]

    […] Information on that Topic: […]

  233. impotence treatment

    ed doctors

  234. ivermectin over the counter

    ivermectin lotion price

  235. ivermectin 4 tablets price

    ivermectin coronavirus

  236. most trusted canadian online pharmacies

    medication from canada prices

  237. Bank Market says:

    … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Information here to that Topic: […]

  238. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More to that Topic: […]

  239. cialis for sale over the counter

    online cialis australia

  240. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More on that Topic: […]

  241. ivermectin 2%

    stromectol xr

  242. ivermectin 1 topical cream

    ivermectin ebay

  243. zithromax antibiotic without prescription

    order zithromax without prescription

  244. seo plan template

    iaisfltfi eoghs pslylei xuup bhagcfkwgvopujq

  245. viagra with dapoxetine overnight

    pfizerl viagra online

  246. cialis for sale brand

    cialis on line purchase

  247. hydroxychloroquine over the counter

    hydroxychloroquine 200 mg tab

  248. plaquenil sale

    plaquenil 500 mg

  249. plaquenil 200mg tablets 100

    plaquenil tab 200mg cost

  250. cialis in europe

    monthly cost of cialis without insurance

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply